The musette-tuned accordion music is immensely appealing, evoking the romantic cafes, sidewalks and dance halls of Paris. 20 Michael Dregni. Finally, the accordion got the respect it deserved when Edith began to feature extremely talented accordionists such as Michel Emer and Tony Murena. The Golden Age of the Accordion. While the Italian communities cultivated the comparable ballo liscio (smooth dancing) music to an art form in the San Francisco Bay Area, the French immigrants had not been quite as successful. Bal musette ambiance, typique et variétés. The biogrpahy is remarkable for its audacity, honest portrayal and it is gritty to the core. Five sous was the price of a dance so one purchased only as many as might be needed. The association and history of dancing, midnight pleasure, and crime dates back to at least the time of the French Revolution in the Bastille district.19. The interdisciplinary shows introduce the audience to the meaning behind the French and Italian songs and educate the listeners so that a greater appreciation is gained through the use of a narration, art slides, and images that explain the text. 1992. At first, fierce resistance brought about a racialist attitude. I have attempted to explore the French musette accordion in all its many faceted aspects and give it its proper place in our hearts. Its beautiful resonating reeds, its graceful melodic lines, and its bellowing breaths make it a good partner for music and in life. French film has helped in that regard starting in the 1930s with “La Belle Equipe.” Some music scores and composers are stretching the tradition to fit a more contemporary audience. 6 www.accordionapocalypse.com For more details about the encounter with Vince Cirelli, Pietro Deiro, and Mike Corino. Charles Aznavour and others have kept it in their chanson repertoire. any good book suggestions on the topic? Sunday, May 6, 2018 at 2:00 PM – 6:00 PM UTC+02. With the advantage of World Wide Web, it is possible to be entertained 24/7 with non-stop musette songs.23 With so many influences, it remains firmly rooted in the classical waltz, infinitely suited for jazz, and endearingly appropriate as dance music for all festive occasions. 16 A fairly complete Index of names by the decade can be found in the Appendix along with the dance halls. - Tarifs : Adulte : 50 € (Pour info en 2019 - Menus avec vins, boissons et café compris), Enfant : 25 € (Pour info en 2019 enfant moins de 13 ans). French music album by Jean Lumière 1. Americans fell in love with the music, the musicians, and the optimistic energy. He became one of Piaf’s favorite accompanists. The legacy will be that a younger generation can learn how to take the bal musette style of music across several platforms and still maintain the integrity of its origins. Apparently, the gentleman had taken it out on a cruise in the San Francisco Bay. Friday, May 26, 2017 at 8:00 PM – 10:00 PM UTC+02. 15 Michael Dregni. It was just around the corner from where my sister (who also plays accordion) and lives on the Emeryville-Berkeley border. But it comes with a caveat. Volume 2 has been recently released. Proudly Powered By / Propulsé Par. 22h: Antoine Johner alias DJ Guinguett'A !Venez faire la fiesta sur tous les sons actuels ! Right through the 1950s, the accordion was the most popular instrument. Paris was filled with all types of entertainment on the streets and in the old haunts. your own Pins on Pinterest 28 A complete list of his compositions is located in the Corino biographical sketch. Written in 1984, her anecdotal chapter provides some insight in the use/abuse of the accordion. No amateurs allowed.7 I have great respect for those who can operate on an accordion with the Skill and precision of a surgeon. "Dans ma tête..." prod et txt par Mimo enregistrement par Manimal Shamanic Technique mix/mastering par Else. Its waltz- polka calendar is full and the tri-lingual Alpine communities still arrive on weekends to enjoy the traditional dances.26 In Paris, the Tyrolean bal musettes included multi-instrumentalists who would also perform basic circus acts and clown around as well. It is often said that her ‘voice was rinsed in the gutters of Paris.” She was fortunate to be discovered, worshipped, and adored by a Parisian impresario Louis Lepleé who could afford to hire the finest for her concerts.21 She paid tribute to her low origins and to its hard-working musicians and accordionists on stage. The Italians had to work hard at being accepted. Listen to “Café Parisien” for a fine musette collection (a lot of Gus Viseur) and a little history behind it all. We can learn new songs and bring them along to a jam session and pull them out decades later to revisit—as old friends. F Em Non je ne me souviens plus Dm du nom du bal perdu. MUSETTE MüSÉT/ s. f. 1. vechi instrument popular, asemănător cu cimpoiul, în Franţa. A Bassoon or Bandonéon switch is perfect for tangos. Ragtime and vaudeville may have competed in the fun and entertainment field but the accordion was everyone’s favorite instrument at summer picnics and dance halls.14 Music catalogs were saturated with arrangements, marches, and polkas but they also expanded the dancehall’s favorite couples’ dances: the one-step, fox trot, mazurka, waltz, and java. Due Zighi Baci continues to shape the evolution of bal musette by including pre-show dances with accordionist Xavier de la Prade. 17 “Dream of Java” This dance is included in the sheet music collection. The clarinet or oboe switch is usually heard with more delicate melodies. In the triple meter this often meant that the ‘up beat’ would be the strong beat, rather than the “down beat.”, It featured a rhythmic strumming associated with the banjo and provided an accompaniment to the many nonwritten melodies. He returned to report that “everybody on the boat enjoyed it.”iii When Vince found that out, he no longer wanted it. He read from “Les Droits des Hommes” as the loudspeakers carried it to tens of thousands of listeners. These small portable button boxes made little progress and few improvements until late in the century. In college, my French minor helped me to work for the United States Information Agency. Alas, the Darwinian forces worked against the cabrette. Thank you for this. Bals de france - André Claveau These two instruments seem to share only one thing in common: bellows. Accordion to Boaz: The Hot Air Collection. The co-mingling of polkas and waltzes has enabled the new owners to thrive and serve a more modern, diverse crowd. For example, the big summer film hit of 2001 was Amélie. Bal-musette is a style of French music and dance that first became popular in Paris in the 1880s. It was there that the accordion would begin its journey. Arcadia Publishing: 2001. Accordions are delicate creatures! Many of the dances were in the musette waltz style (also known as Italian ballo liscio).4 Music would become my focus for my entire life as a result of my early education. Accordion wizards like Gus Viseur, Tony Murena and Jo Privat took to the road to promote it outside of Paris. You’re more than welcome Terry. pin. The birthplace of the bal musette is generally accepted as the Bastille district also called the 12th arrondissement. That “despicable accordion” was brought over by those “Ritals” (meaning Italians). 26 www.lilswiss.com 19080 Riverside, Sonoma-El Verano, CA The Java dance got its name from a dancehall in Pigalle, Le Rat Mort. But it was male-dominated as the photograph only shows one female accordionist, probably Yvette Horner. Venez faire la révolution ! Dance dance ma romance - Luis Mariano, 3. Accordion switches allow the accordionist to achieve various timbre, thus producing an evocative ambience. Django: the Life and Music of a Gypsy Legend. un Dancing, ou un Casino, pour une Fête locale, l'animation dans un C.C.A.S.. un Repas des Ainés suivi d'un bal, pour un Anniversaire, un départ en retraite, ...... N' hésitez-pas à nous joindre au 05 62 39 06 07 ou sur le portable au 06 23 97 90 53, Ce site a été conçu sur la plateforme de création de sites internet, musette - ambiance - typique - variété, 06 23 97 90 53 *** 05 62 39 06 07. It is crucial that the proper maintenance of the musette tuning be cared for by experts. 11 Henri Ducharme, an accordion teacher at Boaz Accordions, in the late 1990s taught wonderful classes that introduced students to specific techniques and styles. Maurice Ravel, Stravinsky, and others were the first to break ranks and abandon the lilting waltzes of the dance halls to concentrate on the erotic impulse in their concert hall. It was 1910 when Pietro and Guido Deiro, (often cited as the two brothers who elevated it in the United States) introduced it on the West Coast. pin. Rubin’s persona urged people to sing and dance out of tune and play with the dissonant musette switch so as to bring about anarchy because “dissonance is threatening…and so playing with [a] musette switch is a revolutionary act.”, While there is no historical evidence of this ever occurring, it certainly has provided me with a compelling introduction to my brief history of the musette.10. The basic form is similar to a mazurka: A BB A C A. clock. Pour un Bal musette ambiance, typique et variétés, dans une Guinguette. When the variety of dances expanded between the two World Wars with the java and the apache18 (pronounced ah- PAHSH), the dance halls became a melting pot of desire fueled by laissezfaire attitudes so prevalent during the Roaring Twenties. © LeFrancophile 1996 - 2020
The musette accordion was perfectly suited for the waltz, even more so than piano. This word derived from the Romany culture, the roaming, homeless gypsies who lived outside society’s laws and customs. The Latin dances would have to wait until the 1920s to establish themselves but they sneaked into the bal musette as pasos dobles with musicians such as Django Reinhardt. The denigration subsided when Cabrettists reconciled, some learning to play the new musette. bob walker. One of the most memorable venues was Le Montmartre on Broadway, in San Francisco’s North Beach. (The opening chapters are especially relevant.) One of her signature javas was L’Accordéoniste composed by accordionist Michel Emer (1906-1984). I knew nothing about musette until I started researching based on the records I have. Playing from sheet music is good; unfortunately, so much of the old music is in sad shape due to generations of copying, and the music itself, short of flying to Paris, is next to impossible to find. It may have derived some chassé steps from the Italian mazurka as well. Boaz also apprenticed with Cirelli and from Gordon Piantanesi.8 In one of Boaz’s pamphlets he stated a call to action: a paragraph from the prison diaries of Sir Irius Mashin.9 It was a cleverly written plea to accordion players to use a “…socialist musette tuning…” His theory was that a musette switch is a proletariat act against the bourgeoisie. These venues provided musette bands to entertain and draw a crowd. This structural form is instantly recognizable, with its minor keys that shift the emotional response to a sad, nostalgic ambience, often coupled with jaunty triplets, and embracing melodies in the major section. Whereas the diatonic and chromatic easily portable button box (especially concertinas) lacked volume for the most part and were not that versatile, the piano accordion was be built larger, with stronger steel reeds and bellows, and it proved to be more capable of providing a versatile rhythm with its melody. What do you think? As I watched Philippe Petit walk on a wire across the Seine from the Trocadéro to the Eiffel Tower, I was transformed into a French citizen. Show Map. More than a year ago. Dm Em Y'avait tant de lumière Dm Em Avec eux dans la rue, C Dm Alors la belle affaire C D Le nom du bal perdu? The rough areas of Paris, like Mémilmontant, Belleville, and Pigalle which might only have gas lit dancehalls and open for business only at night. 1918) an Italian- born accordionist whose prolific compositions include musette waltzes, has contributed to its vitality and played them around the world. ii Flynn, Davison, Chavez. Understand its origins and you will better appreciate those who have spent a lifetime keeping it alive and well. However, the abuse level depends on how little you play, more than how much you play. Django: The Life and Music of a Gypsy Legend, chapters 2-3. We adore the accordion but mostly we love the musette accordion! But there is a caveat: once you have played a beautifully tuned accordion with a musette switch, you may never return to the dry-tuned, concert accordion. 23 http://delicast.com/radio/France/La_Yaute_Valse_Musette The “B” section is usually the ‘spinning” or triplet part, sometimes called la toupie. By the time the descendents of these immigrants from various provinces and countries settled in Paris, dancehalls were already beginning to enjoy the sounds of the musette accordion players: Émile “Mimile” Vacher (d. 1969), Joseph Colombo, Marceau Vershuren, and Émil Prudhomme were some names that brought about that positive change in attitude.16. Félix had opened an accordion factory and sold accordions in Paris starting in the early 1890s. A caveat appeared on the first page from the Editor, Boaz’ wife, Judy Rubin: Please don’t take any of it seriously, but do enjoy it. clock. iii Ibid, p. 142. La Bastoche: Bal-Musette, plaisir et crime 1750-1939. 31 No photos were available at time of printing. Traditionally, it has been cafés and restaurants that have provided what little French music is heard but rarely were the venues for public dancing. Venez passer votre soirée du 31 décembre avec l'A.A.J.S.A. Soon he and I began to augment the repertoire with French chanson to complement the Neapolitan and Italian canzone. Whether she is performing in front of a Silent Screen classic in the Castro, St. Alban’s Episcopal Church in Albany, or Rancho Nicasio in Marin, her virtuosic technique is flawlessly impassioned with panache at each touch of the buttons. La Scène. The Viennese Waltz King and the painter Gustav Klimt created the swirling rhythms and patterns of this intoxicating period but it would not last long. Thanks once again. La valsa au village - Jean Lumière, 2. musette translation in French - English Reverso dictionary, see also 'bal musette',musée',musiquette',muse', examples, definition, conjugation Dancehalls saturated both the 11th and 12th districts. More than a year ago. Many accordionists request and prefer the Italian musette tuning, rather than the French tuning, since it is not quite as discordant. Django Reinhardt (1910-1953) and Stéphane Grapelli (1908-1997) started their careers buskering and in musette bands in Paris before they ‘invented’ the more chromatic, bluesy style of jazz manouche.20. “Vive La France”, “Gypsy Serenade” and “Cafe Bohème” have been well attended Fourteenth of July events. Even more recently, Due Zighi Baci (Two Little Gypsy Kisses) has been producing its own multimedia cabaret shows to sold-out crowds. Maybe we should add some audio examples as well. French and Italian musette is heard, more often than not, with a specific dance genre, the triple metered waltz.11 The music itself is written with certain common melodic and harmonic techniques including the following characteristics: Melodic embellishments are often used with arpeggios, especially triplet figures, and ornamentations or grace notes precede a new melodic phrase; glissandos are often heard at the dramatic conclusion in a tango-musette genre. Although from the 1960s onwards, rock, disco and newer dance music marginalized the musette accordion, its style survived remarkably well. It was de rigueur. If played with expression, joyous exuberance, sensitivity, and grace, the musette waltzes will sound great. Just as Piaf brought her snappy javas and mournful songs to the streets of Paris, Due Zighi Baci has been bringing these songs to a younger audience who may have never heard of these songs. 32 http://heleneattia.com/ your own Pins on Pinterest Will I be unable to play the dances? 5 https://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Yes-Accordions-The-squeeze-box-is-making-a-2885490.php Originally, the musette sound was associated with the cabrette, a small goatskin bagpipe; it was one of the most popular folkdance instruments in the 19th century. Boaz Rubin and his wife Judith were definitely hoarders as well as deeply involved in their commitment to keep the accordion alive and well. 22 My mandolin ensemble’s repertoire remains rooted this genre. Some of them go back to the early 1900s….most are from the 1930s and 40s. Editions du Felin, 1997. Play Medley Valses : Sous Les Ponts De Paris / Accordéon Musette — Karaoké Playback Complet Avec Accordéon Song by Karaoke Playback Francais from the album Mon Bal Idéal Vol. A younger generation of accordionists arrived to carry the torch. waltzes, mazurkas, polkas etc. Françoise Allemand opened it after the war and it ran successfully for more than three decades. www.henriducharme.com 19 Claude Dubois. Italians were arriving with their luggage and their button boxes. The musette switch sounds as though it is slightly out of tune in its “wet” vibrato resonance. In the 1900s just as the musette accordion appeared in urban centers, brought by Italian immigrant workers, the Java dances were epidemic. Show Map. www.zighibaci.com. It had been invented in a little town called Salto Canavese outside of Turino. History Museum These reeds become even more out of tune with the other reeds. Viseur was one of the most prolific performers who stayed true to the original musette concert. Some bal musette songs on the CD include Petit Fleur, Domino, Le Gamin de Paris, River Seine. Flynn Publications: Schertz, TX. By the 1910, it had displaced the cabrette almost entirely. clock. In addition, not all of us can carry hundreds of songs in our heads as the often illiterate accordionists did a hundred years ago. This eBook is meant for free distribution. Prenez soins de vous et des autres, un bon moral. They catapulted the accordion into the bal musette bands.15 Two sons became bandleaders in the manouche period. Paris would become its home while the dancehalls became its permanent address. à la salle polyvalente sur le thème des séries télévisées. The future of bal musette depends upon open-minded, informed teachers and performers who can demonstrate its beauty, grace, and virtuosity. Thursday, May 7, 2015 at 6:00 PM – 11:30 PM UTC+02. Victorians found it pleasant but by 1900, the Gay Nineties had kicked up its heels. It had not evolved or technically been improved since its inception. Naturally, this invasion of Italians was frowned upon by many Parisians. It would be interesting to investigate further in your 78 records collection. http://delicast.com/radio/France/La_Yaute_Valse_Musette, Exposition : Le peintre français Girodet est au Metropolitan Museum of Art, SOUNDS OF PARIS IN THE HEART OF THE VILLAGE, Joinville-le-pont and its famous “Guinguettes”. A Twentieth Century history of the musette accordion and French musette dance music in Paris and the San Francisco Bay Area, and includes biographical sketches of accordionists whose repertoire included the dance music. In the 1880s and the arrival of actual leisure time in society, the French guinguettes (public dancehalls) became the popular outdoor drinking establishments. Her ensemble has excelled at recreating Rive Gauche and Pigalle’s Parisian café scene. In the summer of 1989 I was able to fully enjoy being a Francophile at the French Bicentennial. Shop for Vinyl, CDs and more from Yvette Horner at the Discogs Marketplace. Vincent Scotto (1876- 1952) went on to write some of the most memorable bal musette songs including “La Java Bleue.” The American singer Josephine Baker and Parisian Edith Piaf debuted, sang and danced to his music. Oxford University Press: 2004. i Mary Blume, A French Affair, pp.128-130. The box has suffered and been maligned almost from the moment it breathed in its first breath. But the accordion would have to travel far from its original home in Vienna, its birthplace. French San Francisco. It is no wonder that the Lawrence Welk show on American television placed the accordion in the center of its weekly music variety show. When tenor Michael Van Why completed his music degree at Sonoma State University, his recital concentrated on the French classical repertoire. Salt air damaged the steel reeds and in time Vince knew he could not sell it. This book provides a series of biographical sketches, background, and firsthand accounts of the pioneering decades of the accordion in San Francisco. She enlisted and acquired more musicians as she broadened her repertoire. pin. Finally, it seemed that the discrimination against Italians would subside. Her mise-enscene presentations often involve a realistic background to give her audience an even greater authenticity. Ron Flynn, who had conducted the interview with Vince, took it home anyway, and indeed, eventually the reeds rusted. A complete list of his compositions is in the Corino biographical sketch chapter. Edith Piaf (1915-1963) began her career on the streets of Paris and singing in the bal musettes. Casino, pour une Fête locale, l'animation dans un C.C.A.S.. One reed is tuned sharp and the other tuned flat to create a quavering due to the vibrating frequencies. Here is the link to Radio Tune Even though the Alliance Française had opened its doors in 1889 for French classes, the French community had always been relatively small when compared to the en masse immigrations from other European countries.24 Still, it has helped to promote social events where musicians and dancers can enjoy the legacy of bal musette. Accordion Repairs Made Easy. Jazz musicians used these to enhance improvisation skills. La Ferme Rose Uccle. 35 France has exported some edgy groups like Negresses Vertes, the Garçon Bouchers, The Tête Raides and Paris Combo. The Young Turks who replaced the Victorian dandies would swagger onto the dance floor to the delight of the ladies of the evening. O.Pagani & Bros. 1956. During a recent trip to Northern France I bought more than 300 old 78 records from a junk dealer. When she approached Boaz about learning the repair business, he was only too happy to educate someone from the younger generation.6 The transmission of this knowledge has included an apprenticeship with the Maestro himself, Vince Cirelli. They had reason to be fearful. 30–31. Discover (and save!) Please don’t play the music in a vacuum. The virtuosity of these button box and piano accordionists can be fully appreciated in the gathering of France’s finest accordionists in the photograph below which was taken at a popular club in Paris. They strive to provide a theatrical verisimilitude to complement the music. Author’s copy. Since the 1990s the Berkeley based group “Baguette Quartette”29 has captured the attention of everyone. They draw from Marguerite Monnot, Vincent Scotto, Jacques Brel, among others. Soon after joining Zighi Baci (my ever-evolving now fourpiece dance band) in early 2008, Michael became a distinguished tenore lirico singing Neapolitan classics in the Within the Pigalle arrondissement (also known as the Red Light District) some catered more to the “mulots”13 the ‘mice’ or regular crowd than to the more upscale cabaret crowd or the musette society. In 1979 accordionists Mike Corino and Tom Cordoni produced a live recording that included several musette dances.25. Faites votre choix parmi "bal Musette" de photos, images, illustrations, vecteurs, symboles et vidéos libres de droits sur Adobe Stock et téléchargez-les pour vos projets créatifs. The songs arrived on the Hit Parade, Jukeboxes, and the weekly radio and television shows. One of his first apprentices was Skyler Fell who apparently first started working with him somewhat as a volunteer. The dark world of the Moulin Rouge and its class of women (the demimonde) offered acrobatic entertainment, jugglers, exhibition dancing, skits, and special secret hideaways for a clandestine rendezvous. November 2001. The musette name itself also derives from an older small bagpipe-like instrument that was played in the center of France, especially in Auvergne. Learning to read music is absolutely essential for a deeper appreciation and to achieve the music’s full potential. Brilliant… Thoroughly enjoyable and informative read… Fascinating music, players and instruments. (Not a bad idea at all if you ask me). It took a few decades before the accordion arrived in Paris and its environs. Em Dm Ce dont je me souviens Em ce sont ces amoureux C D Qui ne regardaient rien autour d'eux. They all carried on the tradition of bal musette even as the style morphed with Swing and Jazz but she never forgot the musette feeling. Listen Medley Valses : Sous Les Ponts De Paris / Accordéon Musette — Karaoké Playback Complet Avec Accordéon song online free on Gaana.com. Still, the dance halls were heavily populated and dance bands brought in the ‘vulgar’ instruments, so to speak. Afternoon and early evening soirées enabled mixed social classes to mingle, lubricated by alcohol consumption (often absinthe or grenadine mixed with something stronger) while breaking through the social and economic barriers. It has survived to tell the stories of the Moulin Rouge, the back alleys of Belleville, and the cabaret stages in Pigalle. 27 Please see my other book, Mandolins, Like Salami, for a more complete biography and music catalogs. Prenez soins de vous et des autres, un bon moral, a très bientôt pour guincher Musicalement Votre, *****************************************. Reprint Ernest Deffner Publications, Meneola, NY. The accordion was bigger, louder, and starting to technically evolve. Violins usually took the lead, incorporating jazz improvisation. Le p'tit bal du samedi soir - Georges Guetary, 4. Yes… A great idea… This era of French music is so rich in melody and sounds… Great to see a site like this and to discover so much about this music. She has almost single-handedly preserved the musette tradition. 14 Flynn, Davison, & Chavez, Golden Age of the Accordion. Will it matter if I don’t have a musette switch? That’s why it is important to “faire le boeuf.” Or as the Zydeco accordionists like to say it: “Laissez les bon temps rouler!” Find friends and jam. The cabrette had not improved in hundreds of years. Thanks again. In 1904 Al Rossi, an Italian Swiss immigrant opened Little Switzerland in Sonoma County. Vienna had long been well established as the waltz capital of the world by Johann Strauss.