[31], It appears that during Amenhotep I's reign the first water clock was invented. Amenhotep I, king of ancient Egypt (reigned 1514–1493 bce), son of Ahmose I, the founder of the 18th dynasty (1539–1292 bce). There are no recorded campaigns in Syro-Palestine during Amenhotep I's reign. A. Amenhotep took his sist… [10], A single reference in the tomb of Ahmose Pen-Nekhebet indicates another campaign in Iamu in the land of Kehek. His apparent death led to the reign of his younger brother Akhenaten and the intrigues of the century leading up to Ramesses II, the failure of Atenism, the Amarna letters, and the changing role of royal powers. [citation needed] However, Tomb ANB is considered the more likely possibility,[10][31] because it contains objects bearing his name and the names of some family members. [35] He constructed a sacred barque chapel of Amun out of alabaster and a copy of the White Chapel of Senusret III. Akhenaton, often called Amenhotep I, was a famous pharaoh. [11] Another wife's name, Sitkamose, is attested on a nineteenth dynasty stele. His mummy had apparently not been looted by the 21st dynasty, and the priests who moved the mummy took care to keep the cartonnage intact. 4. [37], The original location of Amenhotep's tomb has not been securely identified. This page was last edited on 5 April 2021, at 11:56. He inherited the kingdom formed by his father's military conquests and maintained dominance over Nubia and the Nile Delta but probably did not attempt to maintain Egyptian power in the Levant. Amenhotep II was born to Thutmose III and a minor wife of the king: Merytre-Hatshepsut.He was not, however, the firstborn son of this pharaoh; his elder brother Amenemhat, the son of the great king's chief wife Satiah, was originally the intended heir to the throne since Amenemhat was designated the 'king's eldest son" and overseer of the cattle of Amun in Year 24 of Thutmose's reign. Wikipedia: Amenhotep 1 Amenhotep I (/ˌæmɛnˈhoʊtɛp/[3]) (Ancient Egyptian: jmn-ḥtp(w) /jaˌmanuwˈħatpaw/ "Amun is satisfied"; Amarna cuneiform a-ma-an-ha-at-pe or -at-pa), Amenôthes I,[4] or Amenophis I, (/əˈmɛnoʊfɪs/,[5]) from Ancient Greek Ἀμένωφις ,[6] additionally King Zeserkere (transliteration: Ḏsr-k3-R`),[7] was the second Pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty of Egypt. His main achievement was abandoning traditional Egyptian polytheism. [45], Further light is shed upon Amenhotep's funerary cult by multiple documents which appear to detail the rituals dedicated to Amenhotep. [30], Amenhotep's reign saw literary developments. When he was old C. When he was in middle age D. When he was a child. Amenhotep I was the son of Ahmose I and Ahmose-Nefertari. Updates? It seems that the A… Amenhotep I's Horus and Two Ladies names, "Bull who conquers the lands" and "He who inspires great terror," are generally interpreted to mean that Amenhotep I intended to dominate the surrounding nations. 4. Statue of Amenhotep III. Amenhotep III died in around 1354 BC and was buried in his huge tomb in the secluded western branch of the Valley of the Kings. After the death of Amenhotep I and his mother Ahm… After the examination of his mummy, archeologists including Grafton Elliot Smith concluded that he died in his forties or fifties and he suffered from arthritis before his death. The dental problems which he suffered from resulted in an abscess and he died in 1353 BC. He effectively extended Egypt’s boundaries in Nubia (modern Sudan). 1630 bce), but there is indirect evidence that he held territory in Syria. [33], Amenhotep began or continued a number of building projects at temple sites in Upper Egypt but most of the structures he built were later dismantled or obliterated by his successors. [11] Since Aahmes is never given the title "King's Daughter" in any inscription, some scholars doubt whether she was a sibling of Amenhotep I.[12]. Amenhotep IV changed his name to Akhenaton, meaning "the Servant of Aten" early in his reign. Though he was not the eldest, he inherited the throne because his older brother, Amenemhat, and his brother's mother, the chief queen of Egypt, both died. Amenhotep probably came to power while he was still young himself, and his mother appears to have been regent for him for at least a short time. The Crown Prince Thutmose (or, more accurately, Djhutmose) was the eldest son of pharaoh Amenhotep III and Queen Tiye, who lived during the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt. [12] His mother, who lived at least one year longer than he did, was also deified upon her death and became part of his litany. He was the 9 th pharaoh, the grandson of Thutmosis III. [34] Ineni's tomb biography indicates that he created a 20-cubit gate of limestone on the south side of Karnak. [13] Modern astronomers have calculated that, if the observation was made from Memphis or Heliopolis, such an observation could only have been made on that day in 1537 BC. When he was old C. When he was in middle age D. When he was a child . Sculpted material from these structures has been recovered from the fill of Amenhotep III's third pylon allowing some of these structures to be rebuilt at Karnak. He was also called Amenophis and his name Amenhotep means Amun, one of the gods in Egypt. When he started his reign, he was named as Amenhotep IV which means Amun is satisfied. Amenhotep I, also called Amenophis I, king of ancient Egypt (reigned 1514–1493 bce), son of Ahmose I, the founder of the 18th dynasty (1539–1292 bce). "Portraiture,", Bryan, Betsy M. "The 18th Dynasty Before the Amarna Period.". Amenhotep III, father of Amenhotep IV, was said to be the Pharaoh of Exodus. [36] The royal statues inside of the temple were moved to the nearby funerary temple of Mentuhotep II. Books and movies of ancient Egypt usually include pictures of King Tut's blue and gold sarcophagus, and the mystery around his short life and rule is frequently debated. It is possible that the king died after a long illness, which may explain his deep devotion to the lioness goddess Sekhmet; hundreds of granite statues of the goddess were found in the Theban area, and she was known for her great healing power. by Jimmy Dunn. He tried to change the traditional religion of Egypt but it seems that it didn’t work as, after his death, most of hi… He moved his capital from Thebes to a place now called Tell el-Amarna or Amarna, more than 200 miles (300 km) north, on a desert bay on the east side of the Nile River. After his death, he was deified as a patron god of Deir el-Medina. He was the great Egyptian pharaoh for the 18th dynasty for 17 years and died in 1336 B.C. As the Egyptians in the midst of the sea clearly drowned, when God overthrew them, and “none of them remained” (verse 28), it is illogical to say that somehow Pharaoh did not drown when God overthrew him. [10] Amenhotep took his older sister, Ahmose-Meritamon, as his Great Royal Wife. [46] The bulk of the rituals concern preparing for and conducting the daily offerings of libations for the idol, including a recitation of a ḥtp-dỉ-nsw formula, and purifying and sealing the shrine at the end of the day. [1] The Book of What is in the Underworld ('the Egyptian Book of the Dead'), an important funerary text used in the New Kingdom, is believed to have reached its final form during Amenhotep's reign, since it first appears in the decoration of the tomb of his successor Thutmose I. [27] Art in the early 18th dynasty was particularly similar to that of the early Middle Kingdom,[28] and the statues produced by Amenhotep I clearly copied those of Mentuhotep II and Senusret I. A Geologist B. Whereas his father, Amenhotep III, had sought to reduce the increasing power of the priesthood, Akhenaton practically dismantled it. A. Adam Cooper in 1901 B. Howard Carter in 1922 C. Howard Carter in 1930 D. Sam Shaw in 1890 . [45] The first was the "spreading of the funeral couch for king Amenhotep," which probably commemorated the day of his death. [39], Sometime during the 20th or 21st Dynasty, Amenhotep's original tomb was either robbed or deemed insecure and emptied and his body was moved for safety, probably more than once. The biographies of two soldiers confirm Amenhotep’s wars in Nubia. [43] However, the scholarly consensus is that there is too little evidence for either coregency. [23] This makes study of the art of his reign difficult. His elder brothers, the crown prince Ahmose Sapair and Ahmose-ankh, died before him, thus clearing the way for his ascension to the throne. A Geologist B. [23] Amenhotep also built structures at Karnak for his Sed festival, a festival by which a pharaoh's strength and vigour was renewed after reigning 30 years, but it seems likely that he died before he could use them. Akhenaten was the heir to the throne and took over as Pharaoh when Amenhotep III died. [33] When the nights were shorter in the summer, these waterclocks could be adjusted to measure the shorter hours accurately. After Amenhotep died, wherever his tomb was located, his body did not remain there. [12] The earliest name found there is that of Thutmose I, however Amenhotep was clearly an important figure to the city's workmen since he and his mother were both its patron deities. [33] This invention was of great benefit for timekeeping, because the Egyptian hour was not a fixed amount of time, but was measured as 1/12 of the night. Amenhotep and Tiye had a number of children. [8], Amenhotep I was the son of Ahmose I and Ahmose-Nefertari. [24] If Thutmose did not lead a campaign which has not been recorded into Asia before this recorded one, it would mean that the preceding pharaoh would have had to pacify Syria instead,[25] which would indicate a possible Asiatic campaign of Amenhotep I. His elder brothers, the crown prince Ahmose Sapair and Ahmose-ankh, died before him, thus clearing the way for his ascension to the throne. He was a son of Ahmose I and Ahmose-Nefertari, but had at least two elder brothers, Ahmose-ankh and Ahmose Sapair, and was not expected to inherit the throne. The son of Ahmose and Queen Ahmose Nefretiri, Amenhotep I was the second king of the 18th Dynasty.He may have ascended to the throne at a relatively young age, for an elder brother had been designated as … He continued the rebuilding of temples in Upper Egypt and revolutionized mortuary complex design by separating his tomb from his mortuary temple, setting a trend in royal funerary monuments which would persist throughout the New Kingdom. Amenhotep was deified upon his death and made the patron deity of the village which he opened at Deir el-Medina. However, sometime in the eight years between Ahmose I's 17th regnal year and his death, his heir apparent died and Amenhotep became crown prince. [11] This remains the consensus, although there are arguments against that relationship as well. 1. Who was Tutankhamun? Although his reign is poorly documented, it is possible to piece together a basic history from available evidence. Early reign. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. His reign is generally dated from 1526 to 1506 BC. [12] Some of the questions asked of him have been preserved on ostraca from Deir el-Medina, and appear to have been phrased in such a way that the idol of the king could nod (or be caused to nod) the answer. Two references to the Levant potentially written during his reign might be contemporary witnesses to such a campaign. [12] With no living heirs, Amenhotep was succeeded by Thutmose I, who he married to his "sister", Aahmes. A Son named Akhenaten, and Four Daughters names Sitamen, Henuttaneb, Nebetiah and Isis. However, it is by no means as simple as that. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [32] Amenhotep's court astronomer Amenemheb took credit for creating this device in his tomb biography, although the oldest surviving mechanism dates to the reign of Amenhotep III. Ahhotep II is usually called his wife and sister,[11] despite an alternative theory that she was his grandmother. The causes of Amenhotep III’s death are not known.

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