Aldgate est l'un des 25 Wards (quartier traditionnels) de la Cité de Londres.Elle tient son nom du fait que l'une des six portes permettant de franchir le mur de Londres, enceinte qui avait été construite par les Romains afin de défendre Londinium, était construite sur son axe.Aldgate était la porte située le plus à l'est et menait aux quartiers de Whitechapel et de l'East End. Les protections sont anciennes et leur nombre n'a changé que trois fois depuis leur création dans des temps immémoriaux. London has nine major parks and gardens throughout the city, many of which run along the Thames River and are interconnected by a series of pedestrian and bike paths, known as the Thames Valley Parkway. In addition to Museum London and The Forest City Gallery, London is also home to a number of other galleries and artspaces, including the McIntosh Gallery at Western University, the London ARTS Project, and various smaller galleries such as the Thielsen Gallery, the Westland Gallery, the Michael Gibson Gallery, the Jonathon Bancroft-Snell Gallery, The Art Exchange, the DNA ArtSpace, the VibraFusionLab, and others. L'atmosphère particulière de Soho, notamment au cours des années 1970, fut le sujet de nombreuses chansons de rock écrites par des groupes tels que Kinks ou The Who, ainsi que Tiger Lillies à de nombreuses reprises. In modern day, London stretches south to the boundary with Elgin County, north and east to Fanshawe Lake, north and west to the township of Middlesex Centre (the nearest developed areas of it being Arva to the north and Komoka to the west) and east to Nilestown and Dorchester. London is also a destination for inter-city bus travellers. Modern writers from this city include fantasy-fiction authors R. Scott Bakker and Kelley Armstrong, Man Booker Prize winner Eleanor Catton, Scotiabank Giller Prize winner Bonnie Burnard and distinguished nominee Joan Barfoot. [7] London was incorporated as a town in 1840. Staffed by British Regulars, adult male students underwent three-month-long military courses from 1865 at the School of Military Instruction in London. Le territoire est composé des quartiers historiques du centre-ville et inclut la plus grande partie du site patrimonial remarquable. The university's football team plays at TD Stadium. [41], London has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb), though due to its downwind location relative to Lake Huron and elevation changes across the city, it is virtually on the Dfa/Dfb (hot summer) boundary favouring the former climate zone to the southwest of the confluence of the South and North Thames Rivers, and the latter zone to the northeast (including the airport). [12], The population in 1846 was 3,500. [14] The springs became a popular destination for wealthy Ontarians, until the turn of the 20th century when a textile factory was built at the site, replacing the spa. Dans les années 1530, la couronne achète ces terres, mais ce n'est qu'après le Grand incendie de Londres de 1666 que Soho commence à s’urbaniser. Malgré les meilleures intentions des propriétaires tels que les comtes de Leicester et de Portland pour développer la terre sur une grande échelle des voisins, Bloomsbury, Marylebone et Mayfair, Soho ne devint jamais un quartier à la mode pour les riches. London is also home to the Museum of Ontario Archaeology, owned and operated by Western University; it is Canada's only ongoing excavation and partial reconstruction of a prehistoric village—in this case, a Neutral Nation village (Lawson Site). London's economy is dominated by medical research, insurance, manufacturing[63], and information technology. Minimes - Barrière de Paris - Ponts-Jumeaux, 3. London City of the Canadian Soccer League, is the highest level of soccer in London. Fanshawe Lake was created by Fanshawe Dam, constructed to protect the downriver areas from the catastrophic flooding which affected the city in 1883 and 1937. [44], The highest temperature ever recorded in London was 41.1 °C (106 °F) on 6 August 1918. The percentage of the resident population in London of retirement age (65 and over) is 16.6, just under Canada's 16.9. [7] In the 1860s, a sulphur spring was discovered at the forks of the Thames River while industrialists were drilling for oil. Its redesign, which opened in 2015, won the 2015 Paul Oberman Award for Adaptive Re-Use from the Architectural Conservancy of Ontario. Museum London, the city's central Art Gallery, was established in 1940 (initially operated from the London Public Library, until 1980, when renowned Canadian architect Raymond Moriyama was commissioned to design its current home at the forks of the Thames River). Guy Carleton (Governor Dorchester) rejected that plan after the War of 1812,[37] but accepted Simcoe's second choice, the present site of Toronto, to become the capital city of what would become the Province of Ontario, at Confederation, on 1 July 1867. En Amérique du Nord, où se trouvent quelques-uns des plus anciens de ces quartiers, le terme le plus couramment employé est Central Business District (CBD) ; on parle également de « downtowns ». Records from 1869 indicate a population of about 18,000 served by three newspapers, churches of all major denominations and offices of all the major banks. The London Regional Children's Museum in South London provides hands-on learning experiences for children and was one of the first children's museums established in Canada. L'Église française de Soho Square a été fondée par les huguenots au XVIIe siècle. London's basketball team, the London Lightning plays at Budweiser Gardens as members of the National Basketball League of Canada. [135] In June 2016, London unveiled its first bike corrals, which replace parking for one vehicle with fourteen bicycle parking spaces, and fix-it stations, which provide cyclists with simple tools and a bicycle pump, throughout the city. Les élus de la majorité municipale sont répartis sur les six secteurs, chaque équipe étant dirigée par un adjoint de secteur. Brick buildings included a jail and court house, and large barracks. La Cité de Londres (également connue simplement sous le nom de "The City") est divisée en 25 quartiers (wards). [114], Research by Michael Andrew Arntfield, a police officer turned criminology professor, has determined that on a per-capita basis, London Ontario had more active serial killers than any locale in the world from 1959 to 1984. Consequently, the British government located its Ontario peninsular garrison there in 1838, increasing its population with soldiers and their dependents, and the business support populations they required. Together with the rest of southwestern Ontario, the village benefited from Talbot's provisions not only for building and maintaining roads but also for assignment of access priorities to main routes to productive land. [42] In 2016, however, temperatures at or above 30 °C (86 °F) occurred more than 35 times, and in 2018, four heatwave incidents led to humidex temperatures topping out at 46 °C (115 °F) . In 1995, rock-star David Bowie based his "Nonlinear Gothic Drama Hypercycle" Outside in London, subtly and suggestively reaffirming its status as a core setting of Southern Ontario Gothic works. London is also the site of the Flame of Hope, which is intended to burn until a cure for diabetes is discovered.[86]. Upon completion, the Veterans Memorial Parkway would no longer be an expressway, but a freeway, for the majority of its length. Fanshawe College has an enrollment of approximately 15,000 students, including 3,500 apprentices and over 500 international students from more than 30 countries. In 2003, CHRW-FM developed The London Music Archives, an online music database that chronicled every album recorded in London between 1966 and 2006,[83] and in 2019 the CBC released a documentary entitled "London Calling" which outlined "The Secret Musical History of London Ontario" (including its importance for the massively popular electronic-music duo Richie Hawtin and John Acquaviva). Industry included several tanneries, oil refineries and foundries, four flour mills, the Labatt Brewing Company and the Carling brewery in addition to other manufacturing. En 1571, sir Thomas Gresham fonde la bourse de Londres, afin de collecter les capitaux en faveur des compagnies de commerce. Fanshawe College teams play under the name Falcons. [123] Many smaller two-lane highways also pass through or near London, including Kings Highways 2, 3, 4, 7 and 22. [24], London's role as a military centre continued into the 20th century during the two World Wars, serving as the administrative centre for the Western Ontario district. Il reste au début du XXIe siècle l'un des quartiers les plus animés de la capitale anglaise avec une concentration importante de bars, de discothèques, de salles de concerts et de cinéma. [25], London annexed many of the surrounding communities in 1961, including Byron and Masonville, adding 60,000 people and more than doubling its area. A rare example of a wrought iron bowstring arch through truss bridge, the Blackfriars remains open to pedestrian and bicycle traffic, though it was temporarily closed indefinitely to vehicular traffic due to various structural problems[19] and was once again reopened to vehicular traffic December 1, 2018, see Blackfriars Bridge Grand Opening. Football teams include the London Beefeaters (Ontario Football Conference). Un quartier d'affaires est le terme désignant le pôle commercial ou financier et souvent géographique d'une ville. [65] As of 2016, London is home to 300 technology companies that employ 3% of the city's labour force. Le nom fut repris pour l'un des quartiers les plus touristiques de, 'Estate and Parish History', Survey of London: volumes 33 and 34: St Anne Soho (1966), pp. The city is affected by frequent thunderstorms due to hot, humid summer weather, as well as the convergence of breezes originating from Lake Huron and Lake Erie. The complex was purchased and renamed to Citi Plaza by Citigroup in 2009. American country-music icon Johnny Cash proposed to his wife June Carter Cash onstage at the London Gardens—site of the famous 26 April 1965, fifteen-minute Rolling Stones concert—during his February 22, 1968 performance in the city (which happened to be the home-town of his manager Saul Holiff). Que ce soit pour une première visite de la capitale ou pour un nouveau séjour à Londres, voici quelques informations sur les principaux quartiers afin d’organiser votre itinéraire. [139] Via Rail's London terminal is the fourth-busiest passenger terminal in Canada.[138]. [10] It replaced a succession of flood-failed wooden structures that had provided the city's only northern road crossing of the river. The city had a population of 383,822 according to the 2016 Canadian census. Although it changed its name in 1880 to the more inclusive "London West", it remained a separate municipality until ratepayers voted for amalgamation with London in 1897,[7] largely due to repeated flooding. The club was founded in 1973; it is the oldest active professional soccer franchise in North America. [134], London has 330 km (205 mi) of cycling paths throughout the city, 91 km (59 mi) of which have been added since 2005. [104] Until the elections in 2010, there was a Board of Control, consisting of four controllers and the mayor, all elected citywide. [146] The Richard Ivey School of Business, part of UWO, was formed in 1922 and ranked among the best business schools in the country by the Financial Times in 2009. Situation et accès. Schools and businesses were closed for three days and bus service was cancelled after the second day of snow. One fifth of London was destroyed in the province's first million-dollar fire. The Palace Theatre, in Old East Village, originally opened as a silent movie theatre in 1929 and was converted to a live theatre venue in 1991. (Un symbole † apparaît lorsque la représentation a été plafonnée malgré les règles d'allocation normales.). Archaeological investigations in the region show that indigenous people have resided in the area for at least 10,000 years.[5]. Specific initiatives include the creation of the Old East Heritage Conservation District under Part V of the Ontario Heritage Act, special Building Code policies and Facade Restoration Programs. À Francfort-sur-le-Main, il existe un quartier d'affaires dans le centre géographique de la ville, appelé Bankenviertel (quartier d'affaires de Francfort). (3.4%). [110], The London and surrounding area includes four federal ridings. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 25 avril 2020 à 21:21. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 25 juin 2020 à 03:55. It was visited by Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Governor-General John Young, 1st Baron Lisgar and Prime Minister Sir John A. The first European settlement was between 1801 and 1804 by Peter Hagerman. [34] Financing for this project came from the federal, provincial, and municipal governments. En 2001, la ville de Toulouse est découpée en 17 quartiers, animés par des conseils de quartiers, tels qu'ils avaient été encouragés par la loi relative à la démocratie de proximité du 27 février 2002. [43] The majority of snow accumulation comes from lake effect snow and snow squalls originating from Lake Huron, some 60 km (37 mi) to the northwest, which occurs when strong, cold winds blow from that direction. Outre les huguenots. The city hosts a number of musical and artistic exhibits and festivals, which contribute to its tourism industry, but its economic activity is centred on education, medical research, insurance, and information technology. Trois stations de métro desservent le quartier : Westminster, lignes Circle District Jubilee ;; St. James's Park, lignes Circle District ;; Victoria, lignes Circle District Victoria. Ils sont par ailleurs fort consommateurs d'énergie (climatisation/chauffage, éclairage, serveurs et ordinateurs). Le secteur 2 - Rive Gauche est délimité : Le secteur compte environ 67 000 habitants. Mirail-Université - Reynerie - Bellefontaine. Rangueil - Sauzelong - Pech-David - Pouvourville, 3. [115] Arntfield determined there were at least six serial killers active in London during this era, some unidentified, but known killers in London included Russell Maurice Johnson, Gerald Thomas Archer, and Christian Magee. [20] This area retains much original and attractively maintained 19th-century tradespeople's and workers' housing, including Georgian cottages as well as larger houses, and a distinct sense of place. The same convergence zone is responsible for spawning funnel clouds and the occasional tornado. names new mayor to replace Fontana", "Your December 2006 – November 2010 Council", "London, Ont., votes to become 1st Canadian city to use ranked ballots", "Facilities Accessibility Design Standards (FADS)", "City of London Official Municipal 2018 Election Results", "London ridings: Canada Election 2015 results", London crime severity rate sees an increase, report says. La brigade de la Police du Vice de Londres, à cette époque là, subit l'influence de policiers corrompus et impliqués dans la mise en application du contrôle du crime organisé dans ce secteur, notamment avec l'acceptation de pots-de-vin ou des dessous de table. Ces deux quartiers ont été fusionnés en 1978 dans le quartier actuel de Bridge. Arènes Romaines - Saint-Martin-du-Touch - Purpan, 3. According to the 2011 census, the majority of Londoners profess a Christian faith, which accounts for 62.8 percent of the population (Roman Catholic: 27.0%, Protestant: 25.0%, other Christian: 9.0%). Approximately 200 passengers drowned in the shallow river, making it one of the worst disasters in London's history, and is now dubbed "The Victoria Day Disaster". Because of its location in the continent, London experiences large seasonal contrast, tempered to a point by the surrounding Great Lakes. Other former sports teams include the London Lasers (Canadian Soccer League). Ainsi, le nombre de paroisses était de 24 avant 1394, 25 de 1394 à 1550, puis 26 après 1550[4] à 1978, et 25 depuis 1978. London's four former baseball teams are the London Monarchs (Canadian Baseball League), the London Werewolves (Frontier League), the London Tecumsehs (International Association) and the London Tigers (AA Eastern League). [6] Simcoe had intended London to be the capital of Upper Canada. From 5 December 2010, to 9 December 2010, London experienced record snowfall when up to 2 m (79 in) of snow fell in parts of the city. Some of these are no longer highways, as provincial downloading in the 1980s and 1990s put responsibility for most provincial highways on municipal governments. [7] Crown and clergy reserves then received preference in the rest of Ontario. [124] Nevertheless, these roads continue to provide access from London to nearby communities and locations in much of Western Ontario, including Goderich, Port Stanley and Owen Sound.

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